The World Economic Forum’s annual report lists breakthrough technologies with the potential to positively impact people, planet, prosperity, industry and equity. Wearable plant sensors, sustainable aviation fuel and generative AI are among the top ten emerging technologies poised to make a difference in the next three to five years.
Generative AI: The Future of Learning
Generative AI is a new type of machine learning capable of creating original content by studying large datasets. It has numerous applications in education and research that could disrupt multiple industries.
Sustainable Aviation Fuel: A Step Towards Decarbonisation
Sustainable aviation fuel made from biomass or CO2 sources could be the answer to decarbonising air travel in the short-to-medium term.
Wearable Plant Sensors: Monitoring Nature’s Needs
Wearable plant sensors are small non-invasive devices that can monitor temperature, humidity, moisture and nutrient levels continuously for individual plants.
Flexible Batteries: Powering Innovation
Flexible batteries made from lightweight materials that can bend or stretch have several important applications including powering wearable technology and medical implants.
Spatial Omics: Unlocking Molecular Processes Inside Cells
Spatial omics uses advanced imaging techniques to “see” biological processes at molecular level inside cells providing insights into disease progression and treatment options.
Designer Phages: Selective Infection Against Bacteria
Designer phages are viruses designed selectively infect specific types of bacteria offering an alternative approach for treating bacterial infections where antibiotics fail.
Metaverse for Mental Health : Virtual Spaces To Improve Well-being
Metaverse virtual spaces offer a new way improving mental health through shared experiences helping patients connect with others who share similar experiences.
Sustainable Computing : Net Zero-Energy Data Centres
Sustainable computing solutions include liquid cooling systems, modular data centres colocated with energy sources such as methane flares moving towards net zero-energy data centres.
Flexible Neural Electronics : Brain-Computer Interfaces
Flexible neural electronics are brain-machine interfaces that allow communication between the brain and external computers with numerous applications in medical research and treatment.
AI-Facilitated Healthcare: Transforming Medical Diagnosis
AI-facilitated healthcare offers new possibilities for faster diagnosis, personalised treatment plans, drug discovery, and more efficient patient care.
This year’s list of emerging technologies showcases exciting innovations poised to make a positive impact on society. The report highlights little-known technologies featured in previous editions of the report such as genomic vaccines and AI-led molecular design which have gone on to have global impact.
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